Saint Philip Neri

Saint Philip Neri

(July 21, 1515 -M ay 26, 1595)

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Saint Philip Neri (San Filippo Neri) was born on July 21, 1515, in Florence, Italy and  died on May 26, 1595, in Rome. He was canonized in 1622 and his feast day is May 26. He was an Italian priest  and  one of  the outstanding mystics during  the  Counter-Reformation   and  founder  of the Congregation of the Oratory (now the

Institute of the Oratory of St. Philip Neri, also called Oratorians),  a congregation  of  secular priests and  clerics. He went  to Rome c. 1533, where  he  tutored,  studied,  and  undertook  many charitable works. In 1548 he founded a society of laymen dedicated  to the care of  the poor,

convalescents,  and pilgrims. After ordination in 1551 hEf moved to the ecclesiastical community  at San Girolamo  della Carita in Rome. There he held religious  conferences  that became  so popular  that a large room was built  over the church nave to accommodate  his audiences. This room  was  called  the Oratory, a name  that subsequently  referred  to those  who met  there  and  to the  devotional, charitable,  and  recreational  activities  that  Philip  instituted,  including  musical performances   (hence  "oratorio").

Philip was rector of the church of San Giovanni from 1564 to 1575, during which period he ordained his disciples. In 1575 Pope Gregory XIII granted him Sta. Maria in Vallicella, where he established the Institute of the Oratory. A house was built for the priests, and Philip, elected provost of the congregation in 1577, resided there after 1583.

Although Philip helped influence Pope Clement VIII to absolve (1595) King Henry IV of France from excommunication, he had little to do with contemporary political events. Noted for his personal spirituality, he underwent numerous ecstatic religious experiences, and many miracles were attributed to him.

-taken from  www. britannica.com/ biography/ Saint-Philip-Neri

Saint Athanasius of Alexandria c.296 / 298 - M ay 2, 373

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Saint Athanasius  of Alexandria  (Greek: A8avaaLoc; AAd;avbQE Lac;, Athanasios Alexandrfas;), also called Athanasius  the Great, Athanasius  the Confessor  or, primarily  in the Coptic Orthodox  Church,  Athanasius the Apostolic, '):as the twentieth bishop  of Alexandria (as Athanasius I). His episcopate lasted 45 years (c.

June 8, 328 - May 2, 373), of which over 17 were spent in five exiles ordered by four different Roman emperors. Athanasius was a Christian theologian, a Church Father, the chief defender of Trinitarianism against Arianism, and a noted Egyptian leader of the fourth century.

Conflict with Arius and Arianism as well as successive Roman emperors shaped Athanasius' career. In 325, at the age of 27, Athanasius began his leading role against the Arians as a deacon and assistant to Bishop Alexander of Alexandria during the First Council of Niccea. Roman emperor Constantine the Great had convened the council in May-August 325 to address the Arian position that the Son of God, Jesus of Nazareth, is of a distinct substance from the Father. Three years after that council, Athanasius succeeded his mentor as archbishop of Alexandria. In addition to the conflict with the Arians

(including powerful and influential Arian churchmen led by Eusebius of Nicomedia), he struggled against the Emperors Constantine, Constantius II, Julian the Apostate and Valens. He was known as "Athanasius Contra

M undum" (Latin for 'Athanasius Against the World').

Nonetheless, within a few years after his death, Gregory of Nazianzus called him the "Pillar of the Church". His writings were well regarded by all Church fathers who followed, in both the West and the East, who noted their rich devotion to the Word-become-man, great pastoral concern, and profound interest in monasticism. Athanasius is counted as one of the four great Eastern Doctors of the Church in the Roman Catholic Church. In the Eastern Orthodox Church, he is labeled as the "Father of Orthodoxy". Some Protestants label him as "Father of the Canon". St. Athanasius is often shown as a bishop arguing with a pagan, a bishop holding an open book or a bishop standing over a defeated heretic. He is a patron saint of theologians,

and faithful Orthodox and Roman Catholic Christians and hailed to this day as a great Defender of the Faith. His feast day is celebrated on May 2.

-taken from: wikipedia & catholic.org

SAINT PETER DAMIAN

SAINT PETER DAMIAN

1007 - February 22, 1072

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St. Peter Damian, born around 1007, was the youngest of a large family; his parents were noble, but poor. At his birth an elder brother protested against this new charge on the resources of the family with such effect that his mother refused to suckle him and the babe nearly died. A family retainer, however, fed the starving child and by example and reproaches recalled his mother to her duty. Left an orphan in early years, he was at first adopted by an elder brother, who ill-treated and under-fed  him while employing him as a swineherd. Finally, his other brother, who was archpriest of Ravenna, took him under his wing. His brother sent him to good schools and Peter became a professor.

Already in those days Peter was very strict with himself. He wore a hair shirt under his clothes, fasted rigorously and spent many hours in prayer. Soon, he decided to leave his teaching and give himself completely to prayer with the Benedictines of the reform of St. Romuald at Fonte Avellana. They lived two monks to a hermitage. Peter was so eager to pray and slept so little that he soon suffered from severe insomnia. He found he had to use some prudence in taking care of himself. When he was not praying, he studied the Bible.

The abbot commanded that when he died Peter should succeed him. Abbot Peter founded five other hermitages. He

encouraged his brothers in a life of prayer and solitude and wanted nothing more for himself. The Holy See periodically called on him, however, to be a peacemaker or troubleshooter, between two abbeys in dispute or a cleric or government official in some disagreement with Rome.

Finally, Pope Stephen IX made Peter the cardinal-bishop of Ostia. He worked hard to wipe out simony (the buying of church offices), and encouraged his priests to observe celibacy and urged even the diocesan clergy to live together and maintain scheduled prayer and religious observance.

He wished to restore primitive discipline among religious and priests, warning against needless travel, violations of poverty and too comfortable living. He even wrote to the bishop of Besancon, complaining that the canons there sat down when they were singing the psalms in the Divine Office.

He wrote many letters. Some 170 are extant. We also have 53 of his sermons and seven lives, or biographies, that he wrote. He preferred examples and stories rather than theory in his writings. The liturgical offices he wrote are evidence of his talent as a stylist in Latin.

He asked often to be allowed to retire as cardinal-bishop of Ostia, and finally Alexander II consented. Peter was happy to become once again just a monk, but he was still called to serve as a papal legate. When returning from such an assignment in Ravenna, he was overcome by

a fever. With the monks gathered around him saying the Divine Office, he died on February 22, 1072. In 1828 he was declared a Doctor of the Church.

Greetings and Happy New Year!

Greetings and Happy New Year!

Do you enjoy cooking? The ministry that provides Sunday meals for the priory invites you to join us. It is a wonderful way to get to know our priests as well as welcome visitors and new priests to our community. To

participate, sign up on the calendar to bring a meal for five people, and deliver it to the priory on your selected Sunday before 1:30 p.m. Participants receive calendar reminders and substitutes are available should something come up on your', day.

To access the calendar, please visit the Sign Up  Genius page at https://www.signu pgenius.com/ go/30 E054,BAC AE2E A5F58-2019 or email Kate Pinkerton at pinkerton.htx@gmail.com.

Thank you for your consideration!

Saint Sharbel Makhluf

Youssef Antoun Makhlouf was born in 1828, in Bekaa Kafra (North Lebanon). He had a true Christian upbringing, which had given him a passion for prayer. Then he followed his two hermit uncles in the hermitage of the St Antonious Kozhaya monastery and was converted to monastic and hermetical life.

In 1851, he left his family village and headed for the Our Lady of Maifouk monastery to spend his first monastic year, and then he went to the St Maron monastery in Annaya, where he entered the Maronite Order, carrying the name Charbel, a name of one of the Antioch church martyrs of the second century. On November 1st. 1853, he exposed his ceremonial vows in St Maron's monastery - Annaya. Then he completed his theological studies in the St Kobrianous and Justina monastery in Kfifan, Batroun.

He was ordained a priest in Bkerky, the Maronite Patriarchate, on July 23rd, 1859. He lived 16 years in the St Maron's monastery - Annaya. From there, he entered, on February 15th, 1875, the St Peter & Paul hermitage, which belongs to the monastery. He was a typical saint and hermit, who spent his time praying and worshipping. Rarely had he left the hermitage where he followed the way of the saintly hermits in prayers, life and practice.

St Charbel lived in the hermitage for 23 years. On December 16th, 1898 he was struck with an illness while performing the holy mass. He died on Christmas' eve, December 24th, 1898, and was buried in the St Maron monastery cemetery in Annaya.

Few months later, dazzling lights were seen around the grave. From there, his corpse, which had been secreting sweat and blood, was transferred into a special coffin. Hordes of pilgrims started swarming the place to get his intercession. And through this intercession, God blessed many people with recovery and spiritual graces.

In 1925, his beatification and canonization were proposed for declaration by Pope Pious XI. In 1950, the grave was opened in the presence of an official committee which included doctors who verified the soundness of the body. After the grave had been opened and inspected, the variety of healing incidents amazingly multiplied. A multitude of pilgrims from different religious facets started flocking to the Annaya monastery to get the saint's intercession.

Prodigies reached beyond the Lebanese borders. This unique phenomenon caused a moral revolution, the return to faith and the reviving of the virtues of the soul.

-Taken from: Catholic.org

Liturgical Tips

BASIC QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS, PART 6

4. What is the relationship between popular devotions and culture?

The Catholic faith is thus able to enter into every culture, and people are able to live the faith in their own culhires, once these cultures have been purified of elements foreign to the Catholic faith. While this enculh1ration of the faith takes place in the lihirgy, popular devotions carry the faith a step deeper into the everyday life of a particular culture. When properly ordered to the liturgy, popular devotions perform an irreplaceable function of bringing worship into daily life for people of various cultures and times. "The liturgy is the criterion; it is the living form of the Church as a whole, fed directly by the Gospel. Popular piety is a sign that the faith is spreading its roots into the heart of a people in such a way that it reaches into daily life." Popular devotions alJow the practice of the faith to pass beyond the bounds of the Church's official liturgy and to penneate more thoroughly the daily lives of people in their own culture. 

http://www.usccb.org/prayer-and-worship/prayers-and-devotions/prayers/popular-devotional-practices-basic-questions-and-answers.cfm

 

Educational: Blessed Ceslaus of Poland, O.P. (1180 - 1242)

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Blessed Ceslaus, O.P., (Polish: Czeslaw) was born in approxjmately 1180 in Kam.ien Slc1ski in Silesia, Poland, of the noble family of Odrowciz, and was a relative, possibly the brother, of Saint Hyacinth. Having studied philosophy at Prague, he pursued his theological and juridical stuilies at the Uruversity of Bologna, after which he returned to Cracow, where he held the office of canon and custoilian of the church of Sandorruerz.

About 1218 he accomparued his uncle Ivo, Bishop of Cracow, to Rome. Hearing of the great sanctity of Saint Domiruc, who had recently been attributed the miracle of resuscitating the nephew of Cardinal Stefano di Fossa Nova who had been killed in a fall from his horse, Ceslaus, together with St. Hyacinth, sought admission into the Order of Friars Preachers.

In 1219 Pope Honorius III invited Saint Dominic and his comparuons to take up residence at the ancient Roman basilica of Santa Sabina, which they did by early 1220. Hyacinth and Ceslaus along with their comparuons Herman and Henry were among the first to enter the studium of the Dominican Order at Rome out of which would grow the 16th-century College of Saint Thomas at Santa Maria sopra Minerva and the Pontifical Uruversity of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Angelicum in the 20th century. After an abbreviated novitiate Ceslaus, Hyacinth and their comparuons received the re(jgious habit of the Order from St. Domjnjc himself in 1220.

Their novitiate completed, St. Domjruc sent the young friars back as missionaries to their own country. Estab(jshing a friary at Friesach in Austria, they proceeded to Cracow whence Ceslaus was sent by St. Hyacinth to Prague, the metropolis of Bohemia. 

Labouring with much fruit throughout the Diocese of Prague, Ceslaus went to Wroclaw, where he founded a large priory, and then extended his apostolic labours over a vast territory, embracing Bohemia, Poland, Pomerarua, and Saxony. 

Sometime after the death of St. Hyacinth he was chosen the Provincial Superior for Poland. Whilst he was superior of the convent of Wroclaw all Poland was threatened by the Mongols. The city of Wroclaw being besieged, the people sought the aid of Blessed Ceslaus, who by hjs prayers miraculously averted the impending calamity. Four persons are said to have been raised to life by him. He died at Wroclaw on July 15, 1242. In 1963, Pope Paul VI recognized Bl. Ceslaus - next to St. John the Baptist - as the main patron saint of the city of Wroclaw.

-taken from: www.revolvy.com

 

Liturgical Tips

BASIC QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS, PART 5

4. What is the relationship between popular devotions and culture?

Popular devotions arise in the encounter between the Catholic faith and culture. As the Church brings the faith into a culture, there are two kinds of transformation that take place. First of all, by introducing the Catholic faith, the Church transforms the culture, leaving the imprint of the faith on the culture. At the same time, however, the Church assimilates certain aspects of the culture, as some elements of the culture become absorbed and integrated into the life of the Church. This twofold process can be seen in the development of popular devotional practices. "In genuine forms of popular piety, the Gospel message assimilates expressive forms particular to a given culture while also permeating the consciousness of that culture with the content of the Gospel." 

http://www.usccb.org/prayer-and-worship/prayers-and-devotions/prayers/popular-devotional-practices-basic-questions-and-answers.cfm

 

 

Educational: Saint John of Cologne, O.P. (d. 1572)

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Night now is over, rising sun casts splendor over the triumph of those valiant soldiers fallen in battle on the field of Corkum; great in their courage! 

These words begin the Lauds hymn for the feast of St. John of Cologne, also known as St. John of Gorkum, and his 18 companions who were martyred in Holland by Calvinists. With the spread of Calvinism during the Reformation, the area of Gorkum had become overrun with Calvinists who would have nothing to do with the Catholic priests still living in the vicinity. So they imprisoned and tortured them in an attempt to get them to renounce the Church's teaching. These priests and religious, many of whom were Franciscans, remained steadfast in their faith. 

When St. John, who was serving in a parish in the nearby Hornar, heard of their plight, he obtained permission from his superiors to go and serve the priests in cognito and offer them the sacraments. Eventually, he was caught and was subjected to the same torments that his fellow priests suffered. Through various methods of torture, the Calvinists sought to get the priests to renounce the Eucharist and Papal supremacy. Yet, 19 of the 20 captured remained faithful. 

As time went on, the Calvinists continued to try to get the faithful priests and religious to proclaim heresy. U1timately, they would not, and so they were brought to Briel, and on the night of July 8th, they were taken to a barn outside the city. As they walked along, they heard one another's confessions, and upon arriving, they were hanged. One Dominican, eleven Franciscans, two Pr<"emonstratensians, one Canon Regular of St. Augustine, and four secular priests offered their lives as witnesses to the truth of the Church's teachings on the Eucharist and the Papacy. 

That night, a couple of the Catholics in Gorkum, some of whom even thought there was a chance for the release of the prisoners, had visions of a troop of martyrs. Moreover, a shrub bearing 19 white flowers is said to have sprw1g up at the site of their martyrdom. Many miracles have been attributed to their intercession, especially the curing of hernias. They are referred by the Roman Catholic Church as the Martyrs of Gorkum. The group was canonized by Pope Pius IX in 1867. Their remains are honored at a shrine built to their honor in Brielle.

-taken from: www.catholic.org & www.franciscanmedia.org

 

Liturgical Tips

Basic Questions and Answers, Part 4

3. What is the relationship between popular devotions and the Bible?

As the Bible stands at the core of what God has revealed to the Church, sound popular devotions should naturally be strongly imbued with biblical themes, language, and imagery. Pope Paul VI explained, "Today it is recognized as a general need of Christian piety that every form of worship should have a biblical imprint." He applied this in particular to the example of Marian devotions: "What is needed is that texts of prayers and chants should draw their inspiration and their wording from the Bible, and above all that devotion to the Virgin should be imbued with the great themes of the Christian message." In speaking of the rosary, Pope John Paul II insisted that it is not a substitute for the reading of the Bible; "on the contrary, it presupposes and promotes" prayerful reading of the Holy Scriptures. While the mysteries of the rosary "do no more than outline the fundamental elements of the li.fe of Christ, they easily draw the mind to a more expansive reflection on the rest of the Gospel, especially when the Rosary is prayed in a setting of prolonged recollection."

http://www.usccb.org/prayer-and-worship/prayers-and-devotions/prayers/popular-devotional-practices-basic-questions-and-answers.cfm